Original Research

Strengthening capacity for monitoring and evaluation through short course training in Kenya

Hesborn Wao, Rohin Onyango, Elizabeth Kisio, Moses Njatha, Nelson O. Onyango
African Evaluation Journal | Vol 5, No 1 | a192 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/aej.v5i1.192 | © 2017 Hesborn Wao, Rohin Onyango, Elizabeth Kisio, Moses Njatha, Nelson O. Onyango | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 18 November 2016 | Published: 13 April 2017

About the author(s)

Hesborn Wao, Division of Evidence-Based Medicine and Comparative Effectiveness Research, USF Health Morsani College of Medicine (MCOM), University of South Florida, United States
Rohin Onyango, Africa Capacity Alliance, Nairobi, Kenya
Elizabeth Kisio, Children of God Relief Institute-Lea Toto Program, Karen-Nairobi, Kenya
Moses Njatha, ICF, MEASURE Evaluation PIMA, Nairobi, Kenya
Nelson O. Onyango, School of Mathematics, University of Nairobi, Kenya


Background: Weak monitoring and evaluation (M&E) systems and limited supply of M&E human resources in Africa signal the need to strengthen M&E capacity.
Objectives: This exploratory study evaluated the effect of short course training on professionals’ knowledge and skills in the areas of mixed methods research, systematic review and meta-analysis and general principles of M&E.
Methods: A partially mixed concurrent dominant status design including quantitative (multilevel modelling and meta-analyses) and qualitative (thematic content analysis) components was employed to evaluate the impact of a 4-day short course training focusing on these areas.
Results: Thirty-five participants participated in the training. Participants experienced an increase in knowledge in the three areas; however, average change in knowledge did not differ across participants’ employment settings. Participants’ self-stated objectives considered as SMART and belonging to a higher level in Bloom’s taxonomy were associated with change in knowledge. Based on comments made by participants, majority intended to apply what they learned to their work; clarity of content delivery was the most liked aspect of the training, and the use of more practical sessions was recommended as a way to improve the training.
Conclusions: This study provides preliminary evidence of potential of the use of short course training as an approach to strengthening capacity in M&E in less-developed countries such as Kenya. It underscores the importance of participants’ self-stated objective(s) as an element to be considered in the enhancement of knowledge, attitudes and skills needed for acceptable capacity building in M&E.


capacity building; continuing professional development; mixed methods; multilevel modeling; thematic analysis


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