Original Research

The role of monitoring and evaluation in climate change mitigation and adaptation interventions in developing countries

David Ssekamatte
African Evaluation Journal | Vol 6, No 1 | a254 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/aej.v6i1.254 | © 2018 David Ssekamatte | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 19 July 2017 | Published: 07 March 2018


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Abstract

Background: Although the role of monitoring and evaluation (M&E) in enhancing evidence-based management in development work is increasingly recognised, M&E remains under-utilised as a vital tool in informing climate change mitigation and adaptation interventions in many developing countries. Practitioners in climate change mitigation and adaptation interventions are yet to exploit M&E to enhance effectiveness of their programmes.
Objectives: This article underscores the critical role that M&E can and should play in enhancing effectiveness of climate change mitigation and adaptation interventions in developing countries. It provides a scholarly look at M&E and its visibility in climate change mitigation and adaptation work, the evidence of its role in mitigation and adaptation interventions across developing nations and the missing gaps in utilisation of M&E for mitigation and adaptation. This article presents key insights that practitioners need to design effective M&E systems for climate change mitigation and adaptation.
Methods: The article was compiled based on Cooper’s stages of literature review 1984. A total of 15 peer-reviewed articles, a few eBooks and hard copy textbooks as well as reports from credible international organisations that met the inclusion criteria of focus, goal and coverage on M&E and climate change mitigation and adaptation were reviewed.
Results: The findings show that M&E can be used as an effective tool for learning, informing evidence-based decision-making, promoting accountability and helping organisations to improve on climate change mitigation and adaptation interventions.
Conclusion: M&E if well designed and implemented can be handy and useful in informing climate change mitigation and adaptation interventions.

Keywords

Climate change; mitigation; adaptation; monitoring; evaluation; developing countries

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