Original Research

Policy issues for improving monitoring and evaluation of agricultural extension programmes in Nigeria

Akinnagbe O. Matthew, Olaolu M. Olatunji
African Evaluation Journal | Vol 4, No 1 | a122 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/aej.v4i1.122 | © 2016 Akinnagbe O. Matthew, Olaolu M. Olatunji | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 01 March 2015 | Published: 30 June 2016

About the author(s)

Akinnagbe O. Matthew, Department of Agricultural Extension and Communication Technology, Federal University of Technology,Akure, Nigeria
Olaolu M. Olatunji, Department of Agricultural Extension, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu State, Nigeria


Monitoring and evaluation are important, yet, frequently neglected functions in most organisations. In Nigeria, many programmes have been established over the years but only little monitoring and evaluation have been carried out because of many implementation problems and lack of realistic and/or stable policy framework. This paper was designed to X-ray policy issues for improving monitoring and evaluation of agricultural programmes in Nigeria. Inductive and deductive reasoning through a review of relevant literature was used in this philosophical paper. To improve the performance of agricultural extension programmes in Nigeria, the following policy issues must be addressed: The questions of what should be monitored or evaluated, when should monitoring and/or evaluation be carried out and who should monitor and/or evaluate; and the methodology to be adopted in any project should be included in any agricultural programmes and/or policies. Manpower and financial resources, effective communication and the issue of accountability must be properly considered. The tools for monitoring and evaluation are also very crucial. The paper concluded that planning a good agricultural programme is not a problem in Nigeria but poor implementation is, as a result of poor monitoring and evaluation. Therefore, attention should be on when, how and who should be involved in monitoring and evaluation.


Policy; monitoring; evaluation, programmes; Nigeria


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